Essay on the Inequality of Human Races: Arthur de Gobineau: (–55; Essay on the Inequality of Human Races), that was by far his most influential work. by Arthur de Gobineau, translated by Adrian Collins des races humaines (An Essay on the Inequality of the Human Races) (–) by. With an Introductory Essay on Count Gobineau’s Life-Work by Dr. Oscar Levy. One Vol. THE INEQUALITY OF HUMAN RACES BY ARTHUR DE GOBINEAU.
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It is a calamity that strikes fear into the soul, and yet has always some- thing so mysterious and so vast in reserve, that the thinker is never weary of looking at it, of studying it, of groping for its secrets.
Gobineau on the inequality of races () |
The testimony of the facts is conclusive. Learn more about Amazon Giveaway. This has been given 3 stars because of amusement humam. Is not this very tenacity a wonderful characteristic of this branch of the human race, and the more precious because most of the societies which have existed, or still exist, in the world seem to be without it? One or other of two destinies is inevitable. The curious point is that the theory of equality, which is held by the majority of men and so has permeated our customs and institutions, has not been powerful enough to overthrow inequaliyt evidence against it ; and those who are most convinced of its truth pay homage every day to its opposite.
Thus, in the old man, there are no traces of gobineeau man of middle age, in the adult no traces of the youth, nor in the youth of the child ; the personal identity in all these stages is kept purely by the succession of inner and outer forms, each an imperfect copy of the last. The hideous increase of misery prevents the growth of population, which is actually being diminished by the continual wars, revolts, and military execu- tions.
The Javanese have lost all political independence, but are very far from accepting any institutions like those of the Nether- lands. It will change what it can usefully modify, and replace it by something better. Nothing remains; the civilization is dead. The first is fully respected only by those races which can never raise themselves above the elementary completeness of the tribal life, while the power of the second, on the contrary, is the more absolute, as the racial units on which it is exercised are more capable of development.
Refresh and try hu,an. In the North the methods were different, but the results just as negative. I must examine here an argument, put forward in our time, which never entered people’s heads in the eighteenth oof ; but as it fits in admirably with the subject of the preceding paragraph, I could not find a better place in which to speak of it. Considering it by itself, I have been able to distinguish, on physiological grounds alone, three great and cl why 1? Though Hyderabad, Lahore, and Delhi are no longer capital cities, Hindu society none the less persists.
Essay on the Inequality of Human Races
They would like to exclude even the mulattoes ; and they aim at their extermination. In fact, they have been content to state the question in lofty language ; and if they have not solved it, or even thrown light upon it, at least they have not made it a breeder of errors. Considering it by itself, I have been able to distinguish, on physiological grounds alone, three great and clearly marked types, the black, the yellow, and the white.
The principal motive is honour, which under various names has played an enormous part in the ideas of the race from the beginning. The animal character, that appears in the shape of the pelvis, is stamped on the negro from birth, and foreshadows his destiny.
One may go further, and show that moral degradation is not neces- sarily a mortal disease at all ; for, as against the other maladies of society, it has the advantage of being curable ; and the cure is sometimes very rapid. This is the only new custom which our active minds have been quite successful in imposing ; it does not mark a great step in advance.
History does not tell me what the elements were that constituted the original group ; all I know is that these elements fitted it for the transformation which I have made it undergo. It is a malady that seems to take many forms. By the mere fact of its wants and powers increasing, it inevitably finds itself in contact with other similar associations, and by war or peaceful measures succeeds in incorporating them with itself.
Such is the lesson of history. Maria Velcheva rated it liked it Mar 01, In spite of all their care, they found that their absolute power was not sufficient to keep their scholars on the right road, and they had frequent proofs of the want of solidity in the whole structure. Feb 08, Courtney rated it it was ok Shelves: In spite, however, of the fragmentary nature of their results, many of them are admirable for my present purpose, and far more fruitful than the most accurate chronological tables would be.
The Inequality of Human Races
The State is divided among two factions. The great minds of Athens and Rome formulated the theory, accepted by later ages, that States, civilizations, and peoples, are destroyed only by luxury, racces, misgovernment, fanaticism, and the corruption of morals. Generally the dominating peoples begin by being far raves in number than those they conquer ; while, on the other hand, certain races that form the basis of the population in immense districts are extremely prolific — the Thr, for example, and the Slavs.
Tomislav rated it it was ok Jun 18, French aristocrat, novelist and man of letters who became famous for developing the racialist theory of the Aryan master race in his book “An Essay on the Inequality of the Human Races” De Gobineau went to a French diplomatic school and became a diplomat in the USA, Norway, Brazil and Persia.
Full text of “The inequality of human races”
I think I am right in concluding from these examples, which cover all countries and ages, including our own, that the human race in all its branches has a secret repulsion from the crossing of blood, a repulsion which in many of the branches is in- vincible, and in others is only conquered to a slight extent. The occasional bows which Gobineau makes to the Church cannot, I repeat, mislead any serious critics of his work, especially if they likewise consult his later books, about which, by the way, I have spoken at greater length elsewhere.
If there were no other modifying influence at work, then — at the end of a number of years, which would vary according to the number of peoples that composed the original stock — we should be confronted with a new race, less powerful certainly than the better of its two ancestors, but still of considerable strength.
Each stage of a perfect mixture produces a new type of diverse elements, and develops special faculties. The yellow race is the exact opposite of this type. On the other hand, the immense superiority of the white peoples in the whole field of the intellect is balanced by an inferiority in the intensity of their sensations. I need hardly add that the word honour, together with all the civilizing influences connoted by it, is unknown to both the yellow and the black man.
But when we see that after a time of strength and glory all human societies come to their decline and fall — all, I say, not this or that ; when we see in what awful silence the earth shows us, scattered on its surface, the wrecks of the civilizations that have preceded our own — not merely the famous civilizations, but also many others, of which we know nothing but the names, and some, that lie as skeletons of stone in deep world-old forests, and have not left us even this shadow of a memory ; when the mind returns to our modern States, reflects on their extreme youth, and confesses that they are a growth of yesterday, and that some of them are already toppling to their fall: But upright princes were rare in that age, and are rare in all ages.
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In Catholic Brittany, in the eighteenth century, a bishop had a long struggle with a village- people that clung to the worship of a stone idol.
However uncertain the aims of physiology may be, however meager its ineauality, however defective its methods, it can proceed thus far with absolute certainty. To speak even of what we have all but seen with our own eyes, is it not clear that in every decade since the standard of morality has varied enormously? HE tends to mediocrity in everything; he understands easily enough anything not too deep or sublime.